“Εχθροί στη ζωή, αδέρφια στο θάνατο” – Η αναστήλωση του μνημείου στο ύψωμα 731

By Pierre Kosmidis Photos by George Krikelas  Το ύψωμα 731 αποτέλεσε πεδίο σκληρών μαχών ανάμεσα στους Έλληνες και τους Ιταλούς, το Μάρτιο του 1941, κατά τη διάρκεια της αποτυχημένης εαρινής επίθεσης των Ιταλών, υπό το βλέμμα του Μουσσολίνι. Ο λόφος 731 (ονομάστηκε έτσι από το υψόμετρό του) βρίσκεται περίπου 20 χιλιόμετρα βόρεια της Κλεισούρας και […]

FOUND! Théophile Gautier: A French ocean liner at the seabed of the Aegean

By Pierre Kosmidis The Aegean seabed is a silent witness of many dramatic events during the Second World War. The wreckdiving.gr research team located and positively identified the wreck of the French ocean liner Théophile Gautier, at a depth of 112 meters below sea level. “Following information received from local fishermen, and thorough research in the historical archives, and despite […]

Historical Re-enactment Society: Reliving the Battle of Crete in New Zealand

By Pierre Kosmidis A group of reenactors from New Zealand, named World War Two Historical Re-enactment Society, are bringing History back to life.  With attention to detail, the re-enactors are reliving important elements of the military traditions of new Zealand during WW2, with a special focus on the Battle in mainland Greece and on the […]

Submarine HMS P311, sunk in January 1943: “Only the forgotten are truly dead”

By Pierre Kosmidis Britain’s Royal Navy says it is currently looking into claims by Massimo Domenico Bondone that he located the long-lost wreck of the HMS P311 submarine, which sunk off Sardinia in January 1943. Diver Massimo Domenico Bondone found the P311 at a depth of 80 meters off the isle of Tavolara, with logistics assistance by Orso Diving […]

My grandmother: The Greek Jews of WW2, by Benjamin Bensoua

By Pierre Kosmidis By Benjamin Bensoua* ** My grandmother, Eleanor Isaac, knew something was very wrong when her cousins burst into their small home in Volos, Greece, and warned them to leave because the Germans were going to register the Jews. This was in late 1943 and Eleanor was a young, happy, newly married Greek […]

Battlefield Archaeology: Inside the “forgotten bunkers” of Usita fortress in Greece

By Pierre Kosmidis   Text and photos: Lt. Colonel (ret.) Ilias Kotridis Fortress “Usita” is located on the west side of Rupel Bunkers Complex, near the Strymonas (Struma) River and is one of its six defensive positions. Usita consisted of eleven machine gun emplacements, two searchlight positions, a mortar emplacement, two observatories, an optical wireless […]

The first radar assisted attack of a submarine in WW2: The story of HMS Proteus and the German steamer Ithaka torpedoed in the Aegean on 10 November 1941

By Pierre Kosmidis Photos submitted by William McGowan and used by permission Burial photos submitted by Dimitris Skartsilakis and used by permission The transport ship “Ithaka”, carrying 507 German soldiers, as well as cargo, including 80 tons of ammunition, sailed from Piraeus to Souda in Crete. She was escorted by patrol boats 11 V1 and 12 V4. […]

Reliving the past: Operation Marita and the German invasion of Greece in April 1941, through the eyes or reenactors

By Pierre Kosmidis Photos submitted by Kampfgruppe “Süden” Hellenic Reenactment Group, Kampfgruppe ”Bulgarien”, Asociaţia Deutsches Freikorps and used by permission The German invasion of Greece, codenamed “Operation Marita”, was initiated in the early hours of Sunday, April 6, 1941. The German forces attacked “Metaxas Line”, a series of concrete fortifications, located mainly along the border with […]

Aviation Archaeology: The Junkers Ju 88 A5 Werke No. 8138 – shot down on the night of 7/8th April 1941

By Pierre Kosmidis Colour photos by Lancashire Aircraft Investigation Team, used by permission Black and white photos by Russell Brown collection, used by permission An exemplary research and excavation of a Luftwaffe bomber crash site, shot down in 1941, was conducted by the Lancashire Aircraft Investigation Team, resulting in the positive identification of this WW2 aircraft and the unraveling […]