The sinking of Bartolomeo Colleoni in Crete, 19 July 1940

By Pierre Kosmidis Photos: IWM The Italian cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni was sunk during the naval battle off Cape Spatha in north west Crete, on 19 July 1940. Out of her crew, 555 were eventually rescued by Allied warships, while 121 perished with the ship.   The battle started when Allied ships in the Aegean saw two Italian […]

Mystery shipwreck located in Smyrni, Asia Minor – Could it be a Greek vessel sunk in 1922?

By Pierre Kosmidis Source of photos and additional information:  Scientists and maritime archaeologists from the Dokuz Eylül University (DEU) Marine Action in Science and Technology Institute have located a shipwreck in the Gulf of Smyrni, Asia Minor, Turkey, which may belong to a Greek vessel sunk in 1922, during the last chaotic days of the Greco-Turkish […]

WW2 German Stuka Ju87 aircraft shot down in 1943 recovered in Leros

By Pierre Kosmidis Back in the autumn of 1943, a fierce battle was fought in and around Leros Island, between the British and the Germans, for the control of the Dodecanese Islands, after the capitulation of the fascist italian regime in September 1943, which occupied the islands since 1912. Bullet holes on a Ju 52 […]

“Oria” shipwreck, the watery grave of 4,000 POWs in 1944

By Pierre Kosmidis The sinking of the steamship “Oria” in Gaidouronisi, a tragedy in the dark years of the nazi occupation of Greece in February 1944, which  resulted in 4,115 drowned Italian POWs, almost three times as many victims as the Titanic, is largely forgotten and kept in the dark drawers of history. Few people […]

Steamship “Patris”: Sitting upright on the seabed for 89 years

By Pierre Kosmidis An unknown wreck was positively identified near Patroklos island in the Saronic Gulf by the diving team of Antonis Grafas in 2014. The steamship “Patris” (“Homeland” in English), formerly the French “Saint Rémi”, sank in the early hours of June 15, 1927, after being rammed by the  steamer “Moschanthi Toya”, formerly the British yacht “Catania”, due to […]

HMS Rover: The unknown story of the submarine in Souda Bay, Crete, 1941

By Pierre Kosmidis In this rare and previously unpublished photo, dated April 1941, HMS Rover is seen in Souda Bay, Crete Few are aware of the fact that Souda Bay in Crete, a large naval base used by the British in early WW2, is in a way similar to Pearl Harbor, Scapa Flow and Truk […]

FOUND! Théophile Gautier: A French ocean liner at the seabed of the Aegean

By Pierre Kosmidis The Aegean seabed is a silent witness of many dramatic events during the Second World War. The research team located and positively identified the wreck of the French ocean liner Théophile Gautier, at a depth of 112 meters below sea level. “Following information received from local fishermen, and thorough research in the historical archives, and despite […]