Dr. Innes McCartney, the man who located and identified over 100 WW1 and WW2 wrecks

By Pierre Kosmidis Dr. Innes McCartney, BA (Hons), MA, MA, PhD. Honorary Research Fellow Department of Archaeology, Anthropology and Forensic Science, Faculty of Science and Technology Bournemouth University, is a nautical archaeologist, deep-wreck diver, historical consultant specialising in submarines and a naval history and diving publisher. Dr. McCartney, over the last 25 years, has specialised in the discovery of and investigation […]

Athina: The wreck of the first iron steamboat built in Greece

By Pierre Kosmidis The first iron steamboat built in Greece in 1893 at Syros shipyards was used for decades in the Saronic Gulf and was then purchased by a Jewish organization carrying refugees from Europe to the Middle East, where the state of Israel was created in 1948. Mr. Aris Mpilalis, a Greek maritime history researcher, tells about this […]

Leros Island, 1943: The underwater museum of WW2 aircraft wrecks and shipwrecks

By Pierre Kosmidis The Eastern Aegean was the setting for a series of German air-sea landings, something not normally associated with the Wehrmacht. German infantry carried out beach assaults and, unusually, Fallschirmjäger were deployed in their intended role as paratroopers, more than two years after sustaining frightful losses in Crete. Both sides relied on air […]

FOUND! Théophile Gautier: A French ocean liner at the seabed of the Aegean

By Pierre Kosmidis The Aegean seabed is a silent witness of many dramatic events during the Second World War. The wreckdiving.gr research team located and positively identified the wreck of the French ocean liner Théophile Gautier, at a depth of 112 meters below sea level. “Following information received from local fishermen, and thorough research in the historical archives, and despite […]

Gradisca: The “Odyssey” of the Italian hospital ship in Greece during WW2

By Pierre Kosmidis The Hospital Ship “Gradisca” at the Port of Patras, Greece GRADISCA and AQUILEA: Two large hospital ships operating on the Mediterranean under Italian and German flag from 1939-45 In 1935, Italy bought two pre-World-War-I steamships built in England and the Netherlands and originally used as passenger ships – the GRADISCA (13,879 G.R.T.) […]

Submarine HMS P311, sunk in January 1943: “Only the forgotten are truly dead”

By Pierre Kosmidis Britain’s Royal Navy says it is currently looking into claims by Massimo Domenico Bondone that he located the long-lost wreck of the HMS P311 submarine, which sunk off Sardinia in January 1943. Diver Massimo Domenico Bondone found the P311 at a depth of 80 meters off the isle of Tavolara, with logistics assistance by Orso Diving […]

FOUND! The lost Panzer Division and the wreck of “Marburg” full of German tanks and guns

By Pierre Kosmidis The photo of the Italian Archivio Centrale Dello Stato files, reason for the investigation of the ship’s identity – Photo Credit: LUCE/George Karelas Research: George Karelas and Gerasimos Sotiropoulos Photos: As credited Text: Pierre Kosmidis By  May 21st, 1941 the Germans had concluded the invasion of mainland Greece, codenamed “Operation Marita” and […]

“Oria” shipwreck, the watery grave of 4,000 POWs in 1944

By Pierre Kosmidis The sinking of the steamship “Oria” in Gaidouronisi, a tragedy in the dark years of the nazi occupation of Greece in February 1944, which  resulted in 4,115 drowned Italian POWs, almost three times as many victims as the Titanic, is largely forgotten and kept in the dark drawers of history. Few people […]

The unknown story of the Italian submarine “Axum”, lost in Greece, 29 December 1943

By Pierre Kosmidis The Royal Italian Navy Submarine “Axum”, (Regio sommergibile “Axum”), named after the ancient city in Ethiopia, was commissioned on 2 December 1936 and had a quite successful career during WW2, including many patrols and the torpedo attack against Allied shipping on August 12 1942, which resulted in the sinking of one ship and damaging of […]

The WW2 shipwrecks that disappeared: Underwater explorer Kevin Denlay’s interview on the lost fleet of the Pacific – PART 2

By Pierre Kosmidis – August 2017 Photos by Kevin Denlay (unless otherwise noted) Historical Photos: Kevin Denlay Collection READ PART ONE OF KEVIN DENLAY’S UNDERWATER EXPLORATIONS: WW2 Shipwreck exploration by Kevin Denlay: “Going back in time and bringing the ships back to life” – PART 1 Kevin Denlay is a pioneer in underwater exploration and has witnessed […]