Search Results for: metaxas

The Metaxas Line bunkers through previously unpublished photos

By Pierre Kosmidis Photos submitted by Ted Konstantinov and used by permission The Metaxas Line, the series of bunker complexes in the northern borders of Greece, withstood the German onslaught, during the initial stages of “Operation Marita”, the German invasion of Greece, initiated on April 6, 1941. Many photos have surfaced over the years, mostly […]

Then and now: Arpalouki bunker complex, April 1941 – April 2019

By Pierre Kosmidis Lt. Colonel (ret.) Ilias Kotridis has positively identified a photo of a Greek bunker, which was shot by an unnamed German soldier back in April 1941. Arpalouki Bunker Complex, located at 41°20’54″N  23°15’35″E By comparing the black and white photo with a colour photo Lt. Colonel (ret.) Ilias Kotridis shot recently, it is […]

April 1941: Operation Marita and the Greek “Maginot Line” that cost the Germans dearly

By Pierre Kosmidis On April 6th 1941, the Germans started their offensive against Greece. The German offensive against Greece, April 1941 Following the stalemate of their Italian allies in the Albanian front and the victories of the Greeks in the mountainous regions of northern Greece and Albania against the Italian army, since the unprovoked attack […]

Reliving the past: Operation Marita and the German invasion of Greece in April 1941, through the eyes or reenactors

By Pierre Kosmidis Photos submitted by Kampfgruppe “Süden” Hellenic Reenactment Group, Kampfgruppe ”Bulgarien”, Asociaţia Deutsches Freikorps and used by permission The German invasion of Greece, codenamed “Operation Marita”, was initiated in the early hours of Sunday, April 6, 1941. The German forces attacked “Metaxas Line”, a series of concrete fortifications, located mainly along the border with […]

Then and Now: 1941-2018 a Luftwaffe Dornier Do 215 over Olympus

By Pierre Kosmidis Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece with its highest peak at 2,918 metres, was considered to be the home of the ancient Greek gods. On April 6 1941, the German offensive against Greece, codenamed “Operation Marita” resulted in the capitulation of the Greek Army on April 20, 1941. The Greek Army, which had […]

April 15, 1941: The last dogfight of the Hellenic Royal Air Force vs the Luftwaffe

By Pierre Kosmidis Original painting: George Moris The nazi invasion of Greece, initiated on April 6, 1941, dubbed “Operation Marita”, swiftly turned into a rapid advance for the Germans, despite the fierce battles that were fought across the northern borders of Greece with Bulgaria, in the “Metaxas Line”. One largely forgotten episode of this struggle […]

Why did Mussolini select October 28 1940, to start the offensive against Greece?

By Pierre Kosmidis The Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas responded “alors c’est la guerre” (“So this means war”, which lived in the annals of History as “NO”) to the ultimatum of the Italian ambassador Emmanuele Grazzi at 3:00 in the morning of October 28, 1940 in one of the most brilliant pages of modern Greek history. […]